Increasing digitalization is setting new challenges for the building industry. Building technology itself and planning processes are becoming ever more complex, and the individual work stages demand clear communication between all participants right from the beginning. One of the four key themes at BAU 2019 wastherefore integrated systems in building design and construction. This was the place to talk to experts direct and find out just what really counts, now and in the future.
It´s often hard to separate the job of an architect and that of an engineer. Ever more sophisticated systems and technology need people who understand how to get the very best out of these possibilities. In the field of construction, as well as good design and materials expertise, it’s increasingly about complex load-bearing structures, lightweight constructions and highly technological components. One example is the facade, which as the outer skin of a building often also has to accommodate technologies for ventilation or energy recovery, and all in a very small space. In themes like this the jobs of the architect and the engineer merge together, so early, detailed planning, carried out in collaboration, is required.
A central element in integrated planning is the cooperation between the different disciplines at an early stage. In contrast to a conventional planning process, the building and the technology can be precisely attuned to each other. Integrated systems in building design are seen today as the key to the construction of energy-efficient and sustainable buildings. Design, planning, construction, disposal, re-use – from the start the focus is on an overall approach to the life cycle and function of a building. Interdisciplinary collaboration helps boost the creative performance of the team and simplify complex structures and processes. Also early, precise and integrated planning helps avoid errors that would later be irreversible.
Ongoing technological development is playing a big part. The planning of low-voltage cabling for intelligent building systems, of channels reserved specially for planners of these systems or of data cables for a wide-reaching intranet now affect many different building trades. Such projects need coordinated overall planning to keep the project on track and ensure that afterwards the complexity is no longer visible. Also, digital tools enable much more sophisticated and detailed planning. With steel, concrete or wooden buildings the load-bearing frame is not infrequently the most important feature in a unique design. This means architects and engineers are very much dependent on collaboration with each other to achieve a good result.
The more complex the job of building becomes, the louder the call for greater simplification. The key to this lies in prefabrication and in modular construction. In the factory many components can be fitted together better and faster, so when these parts are delivered to the building site, they only need to be put together like a jigsaw. This saves time and money, but it also increases precision and in the end the quality of the building. In future digital planning tools will be helpful that can translate data direct into individually manufactured components.
Many well known names in the industry were coming here to present and explain corresponding solutions.
Also take a look at the special shows.